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masterguard.c

/* masterguard.c - support for Masterguard models

   Copyright (C) 2001 Michael Spanier <mail@michael-spanier.de>

   masterguard.c created on 15.8.2001

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/


/********************************************************************
 *
 * Please if you edit this code convert tabs to spaces and use
 * four characters indent.
 * If you don't know what this means use the vim editor.
 * 
 * Have fun
 *      Michael
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
#include "main.h"
#include "serial.h"
#include "masterguard.h"

#define UPSDELAY 3
#define MAXTRIES 10
#define UPS_PACE 100    /* 100 us between chars on write */

#define Q1  1
#define Q3  2

#define DEBUG 1

int     type;
char    name[31];
char    firmware[6];

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Helper function to split a sting into words by splitting at the 
 * SPACE character.
 *
 * Adds up to maxlen characters to the char word. 
 * Returns NULL on reaching the end of the string.
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static char *StringSplit( char *source, char *word, int maxlen )
{
    int     i;
    int     len;
    int     wc=0;
   
    word[0] = '\0';
    len = strlen( source );
    for( i = 0; i < len; i++ )
    {
        if( source[i] == ' ' )
        {
            word[wc] = '\0';
            return source + i + 1;
        }
        word[wc] = source[i];
        wc++;
    }
    word[wc] = '\0';
    return NULL;
}
     
/********************************************************************
 *
 * Helper function to drop all whitespaces within a string.
 * 
 * "word" must be large enought to hold "source", for the worst case
 * "word" has to be exacly the size of "source".
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static void StringStrip( char *source, char *word )
{
    int     wc=0;
    int     i;
    int     len;

    word[0] = '\0';
    len = strlen( source );
    for( i = 0; i < len; i++ )
    {
        if( source[i] == ' ' )
            continue;
        if( source[i] == '\n' )
            continue;
        if( source[i] == '\t' )
            continue;
        word[wc] = source[i];
        wc++;
    }
    word[wc] = '\0';
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Function parses the status flags which occure in the Q1 and Q3
 * command. Sets the INFO_STATUS value ( OL, OB, ... )
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static void parseFlags( char *flags )
{
      status_init();

      if( flags[0] == '1' )
            status_set("OB");
      else
            status_set("OL");

      if( flags[1] == '1' )
            status_set("LB");

      if( flags[2] == '1' )
            status_set("BOOST");

/* this has no mapping */
#if 0
      if( flags[3] == '1' )
            setinfo( INFO_ALRM_GENERAL, "1" );
#endif

#if 0
      /* and these are... ? */

      if( flags[5] == '1' )
            status_set("TIP");
      if( flags[6] == '1' )
            status_set("SD");
#endif

      status_commit();

    if( DEBUG )
        printf( "Status is %s\n", dstate_getinfo("ups.status"));
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Function parses the response of the query1 ( "Q1" ) command.
 * Also sets various values (IPFreq ... )
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static void query1( char *buf )
{
    #define WORDMAXLEN 255
    char    value[WORDMAXLEN];
    char    word[WORDMAXLEN];
    char    *newPOS;
    char    *oldPOS;
    int     count = 0;

    if( DEBUG )
        printf( "Q1 Buffer is : %s\n" , buf + 1 );
    oldPOS = buf + 1;
    newPOS = oldPOS;
  
    do
    {
        newPOS = StringSplit( oldPOS, word, WORDMAXLEN );
        StringStrip( word, value);
        oldPOS = newPOS;

        if( DEBUG )
        {
            printf( "value=%s\n", value );
            fflush( stdout );
        }
        switch( count ) 
        {
            case  0:
                    /* IP Voltage */
                    dstate_setinfo("input.voltage", "%s", value );
                    break;
            case  1:
                    /* IP Fault Voltage */
                    break;
            case  2:
                    /* OP Voltage */
                    dstate_setinfo("output.voltage", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  3:
                    /* OP Load*/
                    dstate_setinfo("ups.load", "%s", value );
                    break;
            case  4:
                    /* IP Frequency */
                    dstate_setinfo("input.frequency", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  5:
                    /* Battery Cell Voltage */
                    dstate_setinfo("battery.voltage", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  6:
                    /* UPS Temperature */
                    dstate_setinfo("ups.temperature", "%s", value );
                    break;
            case  7:
                    /* Flags */
                    parseFlags( value );
                    break;
            default:
                    /* Should never be reached */
                    break;
        }
        count ++;
        oldPOS = newPOS;
    }
    while( newPOS != NULL );
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Function parses the response of the query3 ( "Q3" ) command.
 * Also sets various values (IPFreq ... )
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static void query3( char *buf )
{
    #define WORDMAXLEN 255
    char    value[WORDMAXLEN];
    char    word[WORDMAXLEN];
    char    *newPOS;
    char    *oldPOS;
    int     count = 0;

    if( DEBUG ) 
        printf( "Q3 Buffer is : %s\n" , buf+1 );
    oldPOS = buf + 1;
    newPOS = oldPOS;
  
    do
    {
        newPOS = StringSplit( oldPOS, word, WORDMAXLEN );
        StringStrip( word, value);
        oldPOS = newPOS;

        /* Shortcut */
        if( newPOS == NULL )
            break;

        if( DEBUG )
        {
            printf( "value=%s\n", value );
            fflush( stdout );
        }
        switch( count ) 
        {
            case  0:
                    /* UPS ID */
                    break;
            case  1:
                    /* Input Voltage */
                    dstate_setinfo("input.voltage", "%s", value );
                    break;
            case  2:
                    /* Input Fault Voltage */
                    break;
            case  3:
                    /* Output Voltage */
                    dstate_setinfo("output.voltage", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  4:
                    /* Output Current */
                    dstate_setinfo("output.current", "%s", value );
                    break;
            case  5:
                    /* Input Frequency */
                    dstate_setinfo("input.frequency", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  6:
                    /* Battery Cell Voltage */
                    dstate_setinfo("battery.voltage", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  7:
                    /* Temperature */
                    dstate_setinfo("ups.temperature", "%s", value );
                    break;
            case  8:
                    /* Estimated Runtime */
                    dstate_setinfo("battery.runtime", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case  9:
                    /* Charge Status */
                    dstate_setinfo("battery.charge", "%s", value);
                    break;
            case 10:
                    /* Flags */
                    parseFlags( value );
                    break;
            case 11:
                    /* Flags2 */
                    break;
            default:
                    /* This should never be reached */
                    /* printf( "DEFAULT\n" ); */
                    break;
        }
        count ++;
        oldPOS = newPOS;
    }
    while( newPOS != NULL );
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Function to parse the WhoAmI response of the UPS. Also sets the
 * values of the firmware version and the UPS identification.
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static void parseWH( char *buf )
{
    strncpy( name, buf + 16, 30 );
    name[30] = '\0';
    strncpy( firmware, buf + 4, 5 );
    firmware[5] = '\0';
    if( DEBUG )
        printf( "Name = %s, Firmware Version = %s\n", name, firmware );
}

/********************************************************************
 * 
 * Function to parse the old and possible broken WhoAmI response
 * and set the values for the firmware Version and the identification
 * of the UPS.
 *
 ********************************************************************/
static void parseOldWH( char *buf )
{
    strncpy( name, buf + 4, 12 );
    name[12] = '\0';
    strncpy( firmware, buf, 4 );
    firmware[4] = '\0';
    if( DEBUG )
        printf( "Name = %s, Firmware Version = %s\n", name, firmware );
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Function to fake a WhoAmI response of a UPS that returns NAK.
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
static void fakeWH(void)
{
    strcpy( name, "GenericUPS" );
    strcpy( firmware, "unkn" );
    if( DEBUG )
        printf( "Name = %s, Firmware Version = %s\n", name, firmware );
}

static int ups_ident( void )
{
    char    buf[255];
    int     ret;

    /* Check presence of Q1 */
    ret = ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "Q1\x0D" );
    ret = ser_get_line(upsfd, buf, sizeof(buf), '\r', "", 3, 0);
    ret = strlen( buf );
    if( ret != 46 ) 
    {
        /* No Q1 response found */
        type   = 0;
        return -1;
    }
    else
    {
        if( DEBUG )
            printf( "Found Q1\n" );
        type = Q1;
    }

    /* Check presence of Q3 */
    ret = ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "Q3\x0D" );
    ret = ser_get_line(upsfd, buf, sizeof(buf), '\r', "", 3, 0);
    ret = strlen( buf );
    if( ret == 70 ) 
    {
        if( DEBUG )
            printf( "Found Q3\n" );
        type = Q1 | Q3;
    }
    
    /* Check presence of WH ( Who am I ) */
    ret = ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "WH\x0D" );
    ret = ser_get_line(upsfd, buf, sizeof(buf), '\r', "", 3, 0);
    ret = strlen( buf );
    if( ret == 112 )
    {
        if( DEBUG )
            printf( "WH found\n" );
        parseWH( buf );
    }
    else if( ret == 53 )
    {
        if( DEBUG )
            printf( "Old (broken) WH found\n" );
        parseOldWH( buf );
    }
    else if( ret == 3 && strcmp(buf, "NAK") == 0 )
    {
        if( DEBUG )
            printf( "WH was NAKed\n" );
        fakeWH( );
    }
    else if( ret > 0 )
    {
        if( DEBUG )
            printf( "WH says <%s> with length %i\n", buf, ret );
        upslog_with_errno( LOG_INFO, 
                "New WH String found. Please report to maintainer\n" );
    }
    return 1;
} 

/********************************************************************
 *
 * 
 * 
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_help( void )
{

}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Function to initialize the fields of the ups driver.
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_initinfo(void)
{
      dstate_setinfo("ups.mfr", "MASTERGUARD");
      dstate_setinfo("ups.model", "unknown");
      
      /*
      dstate_addcmd("test.battery.stop");
      dstate_addcmd("test.battery.start");
      */

      if( strlen( name ) > 0 )
            dstate_setinfo("ups.model", "%s", name);
      if( strlen( firmware ) > 0 )
            dstate_setinfo("ups.firmware", "%s", firmware);

      dstate_setinfo("driver.version.internal", "%s", DRV_VERSION);
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * This is the main function. It gets called if the driver wants 
 * to update the ups status and the informations.
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_updateinfo(void)
{
    char    buf[255];
    int     ret;
    int     lenRSP=0;

    if( DEBUG ) 
        printf( "update info\n" );

    /* Q3 found ? */
    if( type & Q3 )
    {
        ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "Q3\x0D" );
        lenRSP = 70;
    }
    /* Q1 found ? */
    else if( type & Q1 )
    {
        ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "Q1\x0D" );
        lenRSP = 46;
    }
    /* Should never be reached */
    else
    {
        fatalx("Error, no Query mode defined. Please file bug against driver.");
    }

    sleep( UPSDELAY );

    buf[0] = '\0';
    ret = ser_get_line(upsfd, buf, sizeof(buf), '\r', "", 3, 0);
    ret = strlen( buf );

    if( ret != lenRSP ) 
    {
        if( DEBUG ) 
            printf( "buf = %s len = %i\n", buf, ret );
        upslog_with_errno( LOG_ERR, "Error in UPS response " );
      dstate_datastale();
        return;
    }

    /* Parse the response from the UPS */
    if( type & Q3 )
    {
        query3( buf );
      dstate_dataok();
        return;
    }
    if( type & Q1 )
    {
        query1( buf );
      dstate_dataok();
        return;
    }
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Called if the driver wants to shutdown the UPS.
 * ( also used by the "-k" command line switch )
 * 
 * This cuts the utility from the UPS after 20 seconds and restores
 * the utility one minute _after_ the utility to the UPS has restored
 *
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_shutdown(void)
{
      /* ups will come up within a minute if utility is restored */
    ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "S.2R0001\x0D" );
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * Populate the command line switches.
 * 
 * CS:  Cancel the shutdown process
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_makevartable(void)
{
    addvar( VAR_FLAG, "CS", "Cancel Shutdown" );
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * The UPS banner shown during the startup.
 * Spiffy isn't it?  ;-)
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_banner(void)
{
      printf("Network UPS Tools - MASTERGUARD UPS driver %s (%s)\n\n",
            DRV_VERSION, UPS_VERSION);
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * This is the first function called by the UPS driver.
 * Detects the UPS and handles the command line args.
 * 
 ********************************************************************/
void upsdrv_initups(void)
{
    int     count = 0;
    int     fail  = 0;
    int     good  = 0;
    
      /* setup serial port */
    upsfd = ser_open(device_path);
    ser_set_speed(upsfd, device_path, B2400);

    name[0] = '\0';
    firmware[0] = '\0';

      /* probe ups type */
    do
    {
        count++;

        if( ups_ident( ) != 1 )
            fail++;
        /* at least two good identifications */
        if( (count - fail) == 2 )
        {
            good = 1;
            break;
        }
    } while( (count<MAXTRIES) | (good) );

    if( ! good )
    {        
        printf( "No MASTERGUARD UPS found\n" );
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
       
    printf( "MASTERGUARD UPS found\n" );
    
    /* Cancel Shutdown */
    if( testvar("CS") )
    {
       ser_send_pace(upsfd, UPS_PACE, "%s", "C\x0D" );
       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
}

/********************************************************************
 *
 * VIM Preferences.
 * As you probably know vim is the best editor ever ;-)
 * http://www.vim.org
 *
 * vim:ts=4:sw=4:tw=78:et
 * 
 ********************************************************************/

void upsdrv_cleanup(void)
{
      ser_close(upsfd, device_path);
}

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